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Hungarian horse archer
Hungarian cavalry (Hungarian: Magyar Lovasság) is a loose term that describes the cavalry forces of the Magyar tribes, and the cavalry of the Kingdom of Hungary . These cavalry forces range from light horse archers to heavy plated cavalry. However the most famous Hungarian units were the Hussars.
Ancient Hungarian cavalry and the horse archery
Since using a bow requires a horseman to let go of the reins with both hands, horse archers need superb equestrian skills if they are to shoot on the move. Horse archery is typically associated with Eurasian nomads of the Eurasian steppe. Such were the Scythians and Sarmatians and later the Parthians, Hungarians, and Turks. Scythians were well known for their tactic of the Parthian shot, but evidently it was the Parthians who give it its name. In this tactical manoeuvre the horsemen would make a feigned retreat and progress away from the pursuing enemy while turning his upper body and shooting backwards at the pursuer, guiding his horse with his voice and the pressure of his legs.
Horse archery was widespread among Eurasian steppe people like the Scythians, Huns, Magyars, Mongols, Turks and so on, but was also adopted by other peoples and armies, notably Chinese and Romans who both suffered serious conflict with peoples practicing horse archery. It developed separately among the peoples of the South American pampas and the North American prairies; the Comanches were especially skilled. Horse archery was also particularly honoured in the samurai tradition of Japan, where mounted archery is called Yabusame.
Horse archery is the earliest form of cavalry weaponry. The Iron Age horse was not strong enough to bear an armoured rider, being little larger than modern ponies. Horse archers replaced the Bronze Age chariot, which allowed mobile attacks even with horses too small to bear a man.
The hussars of medieval Hungary
A type of irregular light horsemen was already well established by the 15th century. The word hussar (/həˈzɑːr/ or /hʊˈzɑːr/; also spelling pronunciation /həˈsɑːr/) is from the Hung